Bullying Prevention Resource Guide
A guide to websites, toolkits and other resources for understanding, preventing and combating bullying
According to the American Psychological Association, “Bullying is a form of aggressive behavior in which someone intentionally and repeatedly causes another person injury or discomfort. Bullying can take the form of physical contact, words or more subtle actions.”
Physical bullying can involve bodily injury or damaging possessions, verbal bullying can involve saying or writing hurtful things, and social bullying can involve harming someone’s reputation or relationships. The root of it all lies in an imbalance of power, whether real or perceived, between the bully and the victim. Bullying is an increasing public health issue in the United States. With the advancement of technology, bullies can now hide behind a screen to do harm in the form of cyberbullying. Many reports have stated that social workers do not feel like they are equipped with the right tools or knowledge to handle this kind of bullying.
Bullying prevention is a community responsibility. To combat it requires proper intervention and a collective effort. As a school of social work, we believe education is one of the most important tools to eliminate bullying, and we have put together this resource guide to allow anyone and everyone to have access to vital information. This guide contains links to websites, toolkits and other resources meant to assist you in understanding, preventing and combating bullying. There are also separate categories specific to certain groups to meet different needs. So whether you are a student, educator, parent or other community member, you can take action to prevent bullying and harassment by fostering a culture of caring and respect in your school, home and community. Use the resources below to support your efforts.
Bullying Prevention in Schools
Because children spend so much time in school, they are more likely to be bullied there than anywhere else. Nearly one in five students in an average classroom experiences bullying in some way. Victims may even skip school for fear of being attacked. It is an issue that can have a negative impact on students both physically and emotionally, ultimately affecting their ability to learn. The best way to address bullying is to stop it before it starts. Here are some great resources that can help you create a safe environment in schools and prevent bullying whether you are a student, parent, community leader or educator.
“Bullying … Change Your School Community,” STOMP Out Bullying
“Prevention at School,” StopBullying.gov
“5 Key School Bullying Prevention Strategies,” School Bullying Prevention
“Pennsylvania Bullying Prevention Toolkit,” Highmark Foundation
“School Bullying Outbreak,” by USC Rossier Online Doctor of Education.
Bullying Prevention Tools for Parents
Parents play a very important role in preventing and responding to bullying. If you suspect that your child is involved in bullying, whether as a bully, victim or a bystander, the next steps in addressing the situation are crucial. Here are some resources that will guide you through steps such as helping your child know what to do and how to bring up the issue with the school.
“A Parent’s Guide to Role-Playing Bullying Reports,” Committee for Children
“Face Bullying with Confidence: 8 Kidpower Skills We Can Use Right Away,” Kidpower
“Telling Classmates About Your Child’s Disability May Foster Acceptance,” PACER Center
“Bullying : What’s a Parent to Do?” Toolkit from the National Center for Learning Disabilities
“A Parent’s Guide to LGBT and Homophobic Bullying,” NOBullying.com
Bullying Prevention in the LGBT Community
Students in the LGBT community are at a higher risk for bullying than any other students. In 2011, a national survey from the Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network (GLSEN), found that more than eight in 10 LGBT teens reported that they had been verbally harassed at school because of their sexual orientation. LGBT bullying is different because there may be a lack of support from their families, friends and schools. There are other unique and important aspects to consider when addressing bullying of LGBT youth, so here are some resources to start.
“Amplify Your Voice Resource Kit,” glaad
“Bullying Prevention Legislation: Focus on LGBT Youth,” Children Safety Network
“Promising Strategies for Prevention of the Bullying of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth,” The Prevention Researcher
“That’s So Gay: Ending Bullying and Harassment Against LGBT Students in Colorado Schools,” One Colorado Education Fund
Bullying Prevention in Communities with People with Disabilities or Special Needs
According to researchers, children with special needs often have a lower social standing among the other students in the classroom, which may lead to them becoming the targets of bullying. Those with special needs or disabilities may already experience a difficult time dealing with the day-to-day challenges of life, and being involved in any sort of bullying does not make their experience any easier. Special considerations are needed when addressing bullying among those with disabilities or special needs. Learn about them here and use these resources for help.
“Bullying and Youth with Disabilities and Special Health Needs,” StopBullying.gov:
“Walk a Mile in Their Shoes: Bullying and the Child with Special Needs,” AbilityPath.org
“The Truth About Bullying and Learning Disabilities,” National Center for Learning Disabilities
“Special Needs Anti-Bullying Toolkit,” The Bully Project
Bullying Prevention in the Workplace
Bullying happens in schools, but it can carry on well into adulthood, including the workplace. As adults, we don’t label aggressive bullying behavior as bullying and tend to downplay the seriousness of it. It often goes unreported. Workplace bullying should not and cannot be ignored because it can impact the health of those involved and their ability to do their job, which can ultimately affect their livelihood. Here are some resources that may help.
“The Role of Bystanders in Workplace Bullying,” Civility Partners, LLC
“The Bully at Work: What Social Workers Can Do,” National Association of Social Workers
“Your Guide to Workplace Bullying — Prevention and Response,” WorkSafe Victoria
“The WBI 3-Step Target Action Plan,” Workplace Bullying Institute
Bullying Prevention in Nursing Homes and Other Older Adult Communities
Bullying can also happen in places like nursing homes, senior centers and other older adult communities. The AARP reports that between 10 and 20 percent of older adults living in senior living communities are mistreated by their peers, and often the behavior goes unreported. Use these great resources to learn about the signs of bullying in senior communities and how you can prevent and report the issue.
“Coping with Older Adult Bullying in Senior Living Communities,” SeniorHomes.com
“Elder Abuse & Neglect: Warning Signs, Risk Factors, Prevention and Reporting Abuse,” HelpGuide.org
“Building Respectful Communities: A Toolkit to Recognize and Prevent Bullying Behavior Within Older Adult Organizations and Communities,” Winnipeg Regional Health Authority
“What To Do When Seniors Bully,” PowerPoint presentation from the Pennsylvania Behavioral Health and Aging Coalition
Without a doubt, bullying is a big public health issue. As you go through the resource list and categories, you may see that bullying can happen anywhere, anytime and at any age. In order to change that reality, everyone has a role and can make an impact because it’s a community responsibility to prevent and address bullying. You can start fostering a safe, bully-free environment in your community using our Guide to Bullying Prevention In The Classroom, to be published this November.